The gradual accumulation of several risk factors leads down a long road those results in diabetes.

Those risk factors are:


Of all the different risk factors for diabetes, being overweight of obese tops the list.  The risk is much greater if the excess weight settles around your abdomen, but in general, the heavier you are, the greater your risk.


A diet high in poor-quality, high glycogenic carbohydrates especially sugar and starchy foods, contributes strongly to both obesity and diabetes.

Sedentary Lifestyle

Lack of exercise and poor physical condition are major risk factors for diabetes. A sedentary lifestyle increase insulin resistance and contributes to obesity and loss of muscle mass.


Having a close relative, especially a parent of sibling, with Type 2 diabetes increases your risk.  But don’t think you’re safe if you have no family history.  Numerous young people are on their way to diabetes because of unhealthy diet and lifestyle.

History of gestational diabetes

Women who have had gestational diabetes of who have given birth to a baby weighing more than nine pounds are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes later in life.