Also known as metabolic syndrome this group of signs includes abdominal obesity, hypertension and abnormal lipids, signaling a major risk for heart disease, pre-diabetes and diabetes.

Elevated blood sugar

If your blood sugar is already on the risk side, but not yet high enough to constitute a diagnosis of diabetes, you’re at a much greater risk of developing the disease as time goes on.  In the meantime, damage to your body from the process that raises your blood sugar has already begin its insidious progression.

Abnormal blood lipids

The combination of high triglycerides and low HDI cholesterol is a major warning sign of abnormal blood sugar metabolism.

High blood pressure

High blood sugar and high blood pressure often go hand in hand.  Each is a warning sign of the same underlying metabolic problem.


Simply growing older increases the risk of Type 2 diabetes, especially in combination with any of the other risk factors.

The most important things to remember are that Type 2 diabetes almost always develops over a period of years and that it is almost always related to being overweight.  Most people have more than one risk factor, and the early warning signs are present long before full-blown diabetes is diagnosed.  That’s both the tragedy and hope of this metabolic problem.  It’s a tragedy because all too often the early signs are ignored until diabetes develops and by that time the process leading to Type 2 diabetes may be well have resulted in serious damage.  But it’s also the hope, because the sooner you recognize those early signs, and put the Keto- SA Diabetes Control Programme into action, the sooner you can increase your chances of arresting this devastating disease.