Until recently, Type 2 diabetes was primarily a problem for older adults. It was very rare for children and people in their twenties or even thirties to have Type 2 diabetes. Today even children are being diagnosed with this disease. Some experts now suggest that as much as 45 percent of all children with newly diagnosed diabetes have Type 2. The causes are similar to those for adults: obesity, a sedentary life style, and a high-carbohydrate diet. Kids with Type 2 diabetes are more likely also to have a family history of the disease. Children with this disease face a future of serious health problems that will likely shorten their life spans and significantly affect their quality of life.