How Do I Lose Weight?
The answer to this question lies in how your body responds to the food you eat.
Let’s start with some basics:
WHAT’S IN THE FOOD WE EAT?
Everything you eat is made up of some combination of three key components, called macronutrients, which supply the calories our bodies need to function: PROTEIN, FAT and CARBOHYDRATES. Depending on the food, it also contains varying amounts of water, fiber, minerals, vitamins, phytochemicals and other nutrients.
PROTEIN is essential for building and maintaining your muscles, bones, organs as well as keeping your body functioning. Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, cheese and other animal foods are known as complete proteins, meaning they all have essential amino acids for building and repairing your body and its system. Nuts, seeds, legumes (beans, including soya products) contain protein but they don’t have all the necessary essential amino acids. This means they need to pair up with other foods to form a complete protein.
FAT comes in different forms (some of it good for you and others not at all). Dietary fat is important for vital body functions such as making hormones, building cell walls and storing energy. Fat comes from meat, fish, poultry, dairy products, nuts, seeds and their oils, and a few vegetables and their oils, such as olives and avocados. The only truly bad kind of fat despite what you’ve heard repeatedly in our fat phobic culture; is called trans fat or trans fatty acids. This kind of treated fat is found in most processed foods, listed in the ingredients as hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated vegetable, corn, soya, coconut or palm oil. Even though this oil comes from natural foods, the chemical process known as hydrogenation turns it from a good thing to a very bad thing.
CARBOHYDRATES includes sugars and starches. Carbohydrates provide the quickest source of energy and especially in the form of vegetables containing a variety of vitamins and minerals, enzymes and fiber. Carbohydrates can be either unrefined or refined. Unrefined carbohydrates are vegetables, fruits and whole grains. Refined carbohydrates are products not found in nature, the commonplace examples being sugar, golden syrup, pasta, white rice, flour and bread. Like hydrogenated oils, these carbohydrates start off in nature as harmless foods but when they are processed, synthesized or altered in the manufacturing process with chemicals, they turn into blood sugar spiking substances. The change in our diet over the last century, from one in which the carbohydrates consumed were primarily in the form of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains to one in which most carbohydrates are processed and refined, is partly responsible for the epidemics of obesity and diabetes.
THE BLOOD SUGAR ROLLER COASTER
Now that you understand what carbohydrates are, it’s time to address the question of why they cause problems when consumed in excess. When you eat foods that contain carbohydrates, they impact your blood sugar levels. This is because all carbohydrates are converted into glucose or sugar when they reach your blood stream. The amount and type of carbohydrates will determine the degree of impact. For example, a sweetened breakfast cereal will raise the blood sugar much more dramatically than does a green salad. Once the glucose is delivered to your blood, it has to be transported to the cells to do its work. The hormone insulin is the carrier that transports glucose to the cells. Once the glucose arrives at the cells,
three things happen:
1) It can be used for immediate energy,
2) It can be converted into glycogen for later use as a source of energy,
3) It can be stored as fat
The more glucose entering the bloodstream, the more insulin the body releases to sweep in and clear it away. Insulin’s role is twofold: It helps cells to take in glucose to be used as energy, and it also helps keep your blood sugar levels within a fairly normal range. When you eat something that contains a high dose of rapidly absorbed carbohydrates, a chocolate for instance, or a piece of white bread, glucose enters the bloodstream quickly. What you feel when this happens is a quick energy boost. But soon after, a spurt of insulin is released to rush in and clear the glucose away and regulate your blood sugar level. Because your body wasn’t designed to deal with chocolates and refined flour, it digests them so rapidly the insulin’s response may overshoot its mark, cleaning away too much of the glucose. This results in a drop in blood sugar, which leads to an energy crash, what many people experience as the afternoon slump. It becomes hard to concentrate or you may feel lethargic or sleepy. You are likely to find yourself craving some chocolate or anything packed with carbohydrates to get that blood sugar soaring again. And so the roller coaster ride continues.
On the other hand, when you eat foods that are mostly protein and fat, your body produces far less insulin and these extremes in blood sugar are avoided. (We should note here, however that if you overeat on protein, some of it can be converted to glucose. But even excess protein does not have the same effect as refined carbohydrates.) When you produce less insulin, both your blood sugar and energy levels remain constant.
WHAT MAKES ME FAT?
As we mentioned above, insulin transports glucose to the cells and drops it off first to the cells that need it for immediate energy. If the cells already have plenty of glucose, the excess is turned into glycogen, which is stored in the liver and muscles, where it is readily available for later use. However, once all the glycogen storage areas are filled, the body has to do something with the leftover glucose. And when you think about how much carbohydrates most people consume each day and how little energy they utilize, you know we’re talking about significant amounts of leftover glucose. Here’s what happens: The liver converts the remaining glucose to fat, which is stored as body fat on your belly, thighs, buttocks and elsewhere. That’s why insulin is known as the fat hormone. And yet so many people still think its fat that makes them fat!
Now you know better:
The Keto-SA nutritional program helps your body to reverse the roller coaster effect on your blood sugar levels and controls the outpouring of insulin. This program changes your metabolism to use fat for energy and because of that, your body burns unwanted fat ( belly, thighs, buttocks etc. ) instead of storing it.